Watch the FILM (1 minutes)
SPEAKING PRACTICE: Give your Opinion:
What makes Red Bull so popular?
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GRAMMAR POINT: Passive Voice
The Passive voice is used in business to make the situation less personal and more formal.
I will pay the invoice today (active). The invoice will be paid today (passive)
It is also used when an action is more important than the agent, for example, reporting the news.
The demand for energy drinks has increased by 20%
We can also emphasise the agent using ‘by’ at the end of the sentence
The energy drink market is dominated by Red Bull
to be + past participle
The object of the “active” sentence becomes subject in the “passive” sentence
The subject of the “active” sentence becomes “object” in the “passive” sentence” (or is removed if not necessary)
Active: He opened the door
Passive: The door was opened (subject not necessary)
Active: Mateschitz discovered the drink in Thailand
Passive: The drink was discovered in Thailand by Mateschitz (subject necessary)